The federal action agencies carry out a wide range of Reasonable and Prudent Actions (RPAs) that the BiOp specifies. Implementation is based on:
The RPAs take a comprehensive approach, providing listed fish with healthier places to spawn and grow as well as a safer migration path to and from the ocean. An approach that relies on hydropower operations alone will not recover the species. Many other factors have contributed to the salmon's decline, including overharvest, hatchery practices, degraded habitat, increased predators and unfavorable ocean conditions.